what is the difference between hashimoto’s disease and hypothyroidism


“Hypothyroidism” in medicine indicates a pathology caused by the inability, congenital or acquired, of the thyroid to synthesize an adequate amount of thyroid hormones, which are decreased, due to various pathologies related to the malfunction of the thyroid itself (primary hypothyroidism), pituitary (secondary hypothyroidism) or hypothalamus (tertiary hypothyroidism). More rarely, there may be resistance to the action of the hormones above at the tissue level. Hypothyroidism can occur from birth (cretinism) or appear in adulthood, especially in women over 50. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are, in some ways, “opposed” to those of hyperthyroidism, with a decrease in basal metabolism that often leads the untreated patient, to overweight or obesity.

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Hashimoto’s thyroiditis

With “Hashimoto thyroiditis” (or chronic autoimmune thyroiditis) we indicate an autoimmune pathology that begins with a hyperfunction of the thyroid and then evolves into hypothyroidism: it turns out to be among the most frequent thyroid pathologies and the first cause of primary hypothyroidism, that is, directly dependent on altered thyroid functioning.

It is therefore clear that Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is one of the possible causes of hypothyroidism.